different strains of marijuana

When it comes to marijuana, there is no shortage of things to learn about this delicate and complex plant. From its growing information to the different strains of marijuana, there are so many things in which members of the cannabis industry can broaden their knowledge. Some may argue that all of these do not contribute to the growing of marijuana, which is absolutely false. In fact, understanding the concepts behind the cannabis plant can really help customers pick out some strains and give cannabis growers the necessary knowledge to cultivate their weed seeds properly. Additionally, the rising popularity of cannabis activities around the whole world definitely means that the legalization of such is slowly being recognized.

One of the main areas that people must be concerned about is the different strains of marijuana that are available in the market. Each one of these differs significantly with each other and they all possess unique qualities that suit the needs of specific users. As such, you must be aware of what you are getting in order to avoid getting a strain that you do not need!


The cannabis indica variety of marijuana is one of the three main species of cannabis and one of the two types of marijuana that is frequently consumed by marijuana smokers. Some of the most famous indica-dominant strains include the classic Afghani, Blueberry, and Northern Lights marijuana strains.

ORIGINS: The cannabis indica grows abundantly in rocky and mountainous regions that allow it to absorb long hours of sunlight. It is believed that the cannabis indica was first discovered by a French botanist on a trip to India. During this time, the marijuana hemp industry (fueled by cannabis sativa) was already in existence. In order to avoid confusion with the two species, the newly discovered strain was named cannabis indica and was later classified as a medical substance during the early 1800s. 

Countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco, Nepal, and India are all known to be the first sources of cannabis indica. Their warm climates and sunny days have given the cannabis indica an opportunity to thrive and prosper under specific growing conditions. 

TYPICAL EFFECTS: One way of discerning the two main species of marijuana would be to compare and contrast the different effects and “highs” that they produce. As such, indicas offer a very sedating and calming feeling as opposed to sativas. Indica strains usually do well to induce a soothing sensation in its users, often making them feel slightly drowsy depending on the strain that they smoke. As such, many indica varieties are known to be “nighttime strains”. Smoking a joint of indica during the daytime may not be the wisest decisions as indicas are known to demoralize users into doing anything other than relaxing during the long hours of the day.  

People will usually describe an Indica’s effects as being “physically stoned” rather than being “high”. As such, indica strains will have the tendency to put smokers in a state of couch-lock. Out of all the different strains of marijuana, indica strains will typically be the ones that will make users feel sleepy and relaxed

PLANT INFORMATION: Cannabis indica plants display a much bushier and short plant structure. Typical indica plants grow up to an average of three to four feet in height. Their leaves tend to darker in color as opposed to other cannabis species. Additionally, the marijuana buds and overall appearance of indicas are quite compact and dense. While their buds tend to be smaller in size, they are slightly heavier than those of a sativa strain.  


Cannabis sativa is the other species of marijuana that is mainly used for smoking and consumption. As such, people usually make use of this species of marijuana for various reasons that are unique to only sativa strains.

ORIGINS: Cannabis sativa was the very first species of marijuana that was discovered. Upon its first sighting, many civilizations quickly made use of its many benefits and effects. People from all sorts of communities used the cannabis plant for weaving and creating numerous industrial tools such as ropes, fishnets, and the like. Additionally, sativas were used for many early traditions and festivals due to the cerebral effects that they induce. During the 1700s, sativas quickly became a regular in the trading industry. It made its way to countries such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. Soon, the era of industrial hemp started. 

Like the cannabis indica, sativas were first discovered in very dry and tropical climates. Many parts of South and Central Asia as well as Central Europe are known to be abundant sources of cannabis sativas.  

TYPICAL EFFECTS: Cannabis sativas have a trademark characteristic of being very cerebral and euphoric when being smoked. Known for inducing a very mind-altering and disorienting high, cannabis sativas usually target the mind rather than cause physical effects. The highs of the typical cannabis sativas offer a very euphoric and trippy effect. Many strains in this category cause a very dreamy and hazy mindset that will get users feeling happy and vibrant. 

Sativas regularly produce very creative and happy thoughts. They also boost a user’s productivity and help keep them on their feet by providing quick energy charges. As such, sativas are mainly daytime strains. Their mental effects also work great in providing medical value to this species.

PLANT INFORMATION: Sativa plants, as opposed to indicas, are very lank and thin. They are capable of growing into very tall plants. The average sativa plant will reach heights of around ten to twelve feet. Additionally, their leaves are much lighter in color with long, narrow fingers that stretch out in all directions. The buds of cannabis plants grow into large sizes, being very frosty and chunky. However, they aren’t as heavy as those found in indica plants.


While it is still one of the three main species of cannabis that can be found today, the cannabis ruderalis isn’t exactly used mainly for consumption and smoking. Rather, people make use of ruderalis genetics in order to incorporate the autoflowering traits into a certain marijuana strain.
ORIGINS: The cannabis ruderalis species was the last one to be discovered among the three major groups of marijuana. It first originated in the Himalayas and Eastern Europe. Countries such as Russia and Siberia have frequently been cited to be two of the countries in which the cannabis ruderalis grows abundantly. 

In these areas, the weather and climates cannot be predicted. As such, the extreme and unruly environment has made it difficult for certain plants to grow. Strong rains and dry seasons pushed the cannabis ruderalis into adapting to these certain conditions and thus, it was able to develop its autoflowering trait

TYPICAL EFFECTS: While it is a species of cannabis, this certain variety isn’t usually smoked for its effects. The cannabis ruderalis plant, in itself, contains very low THC and CBD levels which cannot really induce any effects as indicas and sativas do. Instead, ruderalis genetics are often used in crossbreeding other hybrids in order to give them autoflowering benefits as well. Some of the best and most famous strains in the world now come in autoflowering versions, thanks to the ruderalis plant. 

What’s more, it will only need around 10% of ruderalis genetics to incorporate this autoflowering ability into a strain.   

PLANT INFORMATION: Because they were able to withstand very harsh and extreme growing conditions, autoflowering strains are able to grow comfortably even in cold and dark environments. Regardless of the fluctuating light patterns that autoflowering seeds are exposed to, they can still sprout healthy and potent cannabis buds with ease. 

Cannabis ruderalis greatly influences the growth of marijuana plants. They are typically very short plants, growing only up to around 1 to 3 feet in height. Autoflowering strains also display a rather long flowering period, taking as long as up to a month to fully mature and be ready for harvest.

If you frequently purchase marijuana seeds in local weed dispensaries and online shops, you would have probably noticed that many of them contain a mixed ratio of indicas, sativas, and ruderalis. These are what we call hybrid marijuana strains. Basically, two or three parent strains are combined in order to create a whole different variety of cannabis. Hybrids offer loads of benefits, as well. They each work differently and are useful for specific effects and benefits. The THC and overall performance of hybrids are usually derived from the parent strains that it comes from.

Well, there you have it. Here are the different strains of marijuana that are available in markets today. If you wish to browse and purchase your own cannabis seeds, then feel free to visit Crop King Seeds. As one of the major leading brands of marijuana seeds in Canada, they will surely satisfy the needs of any grower out there. With dozens of strains to choose from, Crop King Seeds does its best in giving customers the most convenient shopping experience possible. They accept various payment methods such as BitCoin, Visa, MasterCard, and Cash. Additionally, Canadian citizens may make use of Interac. What are you waiting for? Shop now!


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